In the Aztec society the hummingbird symbolizes regeneration and resurrection. Its long tongue lets it bypass the often tough and bitter outer layer to find the hidden treasures underneath. In many traditions, Hummingbird feathers have been prized for their almost magical qualities. In Aztec mythology, Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli (Classical Nahuatl: "Left-Handed Hummingbird") was a god of war, a sun god, and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. He was also the national god of the Mexicas of Tenochtitlan.
In Mayan history hummingbirds are depicted as the sun in disguise, trying to woo the moon. According to Mayan beliefs the first two hummingbirds were created from the remains of various birds. The god who created the hummingbirds threw them an elaborate wedding ceremony, complete with flower petals and silky spider webs. The sun contributed by shining beams of light onto the ceremony, giving the groom a beautiful red and green plumage. Observers noticed that his color was due to the light of the sun, and whenever he turned away, he returned to his normal grey color. Thus, the origin of hummingbirds and the creation of the male hummingbird’s colorful breast.
In addition, hummingbirds would pierce the tongues of ancient kings. The blood would then be poured onto sacred scrolls and then burned, and would conjure images of divine ancestors in the smoke.